How to mix concrete basics

How to mix concrete basics


Are you new to concrete work and looking for some tips on how to mix it? Or you’re planning a concrete project and want to get more informed about the process.

Both are good reasons, and while mixing concrete is simple, a few things are good to know.

Getting the concrete mix ratio wrong will lead to lousy workability or inadequate density, which might make it weaker than it should be, so it’s good to know the basics.

Proper mixture for concrete

Suppose you are contemplating starting a business in the concrete industry. In that case, mastering the process of mixing ready-mixed concrete is crucial.

This article will provide the necessary information if you are still getting familiar with the process.

Concrete, mortar, and sand mix are the three main types of cement mixes that are widely used. Each mix has its unique properties and intended uses.

These mixes generally contain various grain sand, gravel, and cement. By understanding the characteristics of each mix, you can determine which one is most suitable for your project.

How to mix small amounts of concrete

There are many other mixes of the same stuff that you will probably use as you advance in the business, including thin-set, grout, sheetrock, etc. These methods can be applied in most situations you may run into.

I’m assuming you have already established which type of medium you will be using. I generally start by adding a bit of water to a bucket. Any three to five-gallon bucket will usually do. I make up ready-mix concrete as per bucket for more accessible transport.

Add some of the water needed (usually reads at the ready-mix bag; around half will do) to the bottom of the bucket to ensure that the dry mix doesn’t all just cake up at the bottom. Pour your dry mix slowly into your bucket of water until it is about halfway full. Now, add more water to the top of the dry mixture.

Mix it and then measure the rest of the water there. You can leave it short, as water needs to vary from bag to bag so it won’t be too wet.

Then empty the rest of the concrete ready mix bag and mix it to finish.

This way, the concrete will only become heavy to mix when the difference between water and dry materials is too big. It saves wrists, back, and nerves.

The concrete needs to stand around 3 minutes after mixing; it will seem thicker afterward. Don’t add more water; remix it, and it will be workable.

How to mix concrete in a bucket by hand

First, this is not how to mix large amounts. But if you have a small need, like a few trowels, you can also do it by hand. It just takes some wrist power.

When mixing by hand, a flat-headed shovel or a margin trowel would be good, depending on the amount of medium you are mixing. Mix up the medium until it consumes most of the water at the top and bottom of the bucket.

At this point, you should add water as needed until the mixture begins to maintain the consistency of what you are looking for. Suppose you are only mixing up a small amount.

In that case, I always prefer using a margin trowel and quickly whipping it against the side of a tilted bucket. This method is often best when mixing up grouts to keep the color clean.

If you want to make it easier for yourself, get a mortar mixer that is a two-hand mixer or a mixing paddle for a strong drill. That’s the in-between option between a hand mixer and a standing mixer.

How to mix concrete in a mixer

Mixing concrete in a mixer is an easy way to mix concrete, as the machine will do the work. Measure the amount of water needed for the bags you’re mixing and put half of that in the mixer.

Then, you turn the mixer on and add concrete and water when you’re near the amount you’re mixing.

Usually, the mixer will roll for a few minutes; more water is added if needed, and once the mix is workable, it’s ready to be poured out. We stay true to the manufacturer’s information for a solid concrete mix ratio.

How to dispose of concrete mix properly

How to dispose of concrete mix properly

Knowing how to dispose of the concrete mix is good if you make too much. Depending on the amount, some might wash it off to the ground if few trowels are left.

Then again, if you have half a bucket in your hands, it might be slightly messy. Or if it’s a daily habit, like most of the time, it is in construction.

An excellent way to remove it is to set a hardening spot where you can leave it to harden. After it’s solid as a rock, you can put it in a concrete recycling bin.

If it’s at home and you have lots of leftovers every day, consider if you can make something like pavers out of it.


Mixing concrete by hand can be a tedious task that many people have to do. However, it is not as difficult as it may seem. It is usually an entry-level job, and new workers usually find it enjoyable.

The simplest approach to mixing concrete is to follow the instructions on the bag, as they account for the amount of cement in each bag. The mixture of water and cement creates a paste that binds everything together and makes the concrete durable.

When starting out in entry-level jobs, you may be required to mix a lot of concrete, mortar, and other cement products. This can mean long hours of standing and mixing. Typically, there is a concrete mixer available, and you will need to add water and concrete to it, either from the bags or by shoveling.

If you use ready-mix bags, it is easy to measure the water and slowly add the concrete. However, if you mix it with a shovel, you will need to train your eye to determine the proper density of the concrete or mortar.

The good news is, your coworkers will guide you, but it is best to learn quickly if you want to make the job easier. Some coworkers may be more helpful than others.